Opinions differ about whether children with learning disorders should be tested by karyotyping for the presence of a fragile X chromosome. Some argue that it is always better to know the cause of the problem so that education specialized for that disorder can be prescribed. Others counter that attaching the specific biological cause to a learning disability stigmatizes a child an limits his or her opportunities. 1. What is your evaluation of these arguments? Support your answer. 2. Read background information on fragile X syndrome and provide references.